The report contains the following sections with data, analysis and suggestions on the topic:
1. Summary of international acts and standards in the field of children's access to justice
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was adopted by the UN General Assembly on November 20, 1989, signed in 1990. Bulgaria ratified it by a decision of the Supreme National Assembly of April 11, 1991 - SG, issue 32 of 23.04.1991, promulgated, SG, no. 55 of 12.07.1991, in force since 3.07.1991.
The Convention is the most important international legal instrument that regulates a framework of legal principles and detailed standards, which aim to be guiding principles in policies and practices affecting children.
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) does not contain a definition of the term 'child', but the provision of Article 1 obliges states to ensure the rights under the Convention for 'any person' under their jurisdiction. Practice has shown that some provisions of the ECHR are of particular importance to children, such as Article 8, which guarantees the right to respect for private and family life, and Article 3, which prohibits torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
2. Review of national legislation governing the protection of children from all forms of violence
After the accession of the Republic of Bulgaria to the European Union, our legislation as a whole has been developing in the direction of protection and protection of children from violence. However, legal gaps have been identified that need to be filled in order to HARMONIZE domestic legislation with the principles and provisions of EUROPEAN LEGISLATION in the direction of protection and promotion of children's rights.
The current legal and administrative framework in our country regulates several systems - judicial, administrative and child protection system, which operate simultaneously and sometimes in parallel, without guaranteeing the best interests of the child and meeting the requirements of international standards in the field of child protection. children's rights.
3. Violence against children
Violence against children is a phenomenon that exists in every country, society, ethnic or religious group, regardless of the social status of the child or family. The protection of the child against "all forms of physical or mental violence, assault or abuse, neglect or neglect, ill-treatment or exploitation, including sexual offenses" is a fundamental right guaranteed by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (Article 19 CPC ).
We at UNICEF believe that any form of child abuse can be prevented. The cycle of violence against children can be interrupted and we have a moral obligation to protect their human rights and take immediate action. We can stop the violence and we must start today.
4. Online behavior of children in Bulgaria
One of the most common myths of the digital age is that generations born in the age of mass use of the Internet and digital technologies somehow naturally develop their digital and media literacy and as a result acquire the necessary competencies to deal with risks and to use the rich possibilities of the Internet. The Bulgarian national representative survey from 2016 on the use of the Internet and information and communication technologies by children between 9 years. and 17 years old and from their parents, however, shows that this myth is far from reality. Today's children do use the Internet earlier, more often and more through mobile devices, but this increases the risks they face online if they do not develop critical thinking, social skills and cooperation skills.
5. AGREEMENT ON COOPERATION AND COORDINATION OF THE WORK OF THE TERRITORIAL STRUCTURES OF THE CHILD PROTECTION AUTHORITIES IN CASES OF VICTIMS OF VICTIMS AND VICTIMS OF VICTIMS AND VICTIMS
On March 15, 2010, a cooperation agreement was signed in Sofia between the Minister of Labor and Social Policy, the Minister of Interior, the Minister of Education, Youth and Science, the Minister of Justice, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Culture, The Minister of Health, the Chairman of the State Agency for Child Protection, the Executive Director of the Agency for Social Assistance and the Chairman of the Management Board of the National Association of Municipalities in the Republic of Bulgaria.
6. Monitoring the implementation of the Coordination Mechanism for interaction at work in cases of children, victims of violence or at risk of violence and for interaction in crisis intervention
Pursuant to the Agreement on Cooperation and Coordination of the Work of the Territorial Structures of the Child Protection Bodies in Cases of Children, Victims of Violence or at Risk of Violence and in Crisis Intervention, signed in 2010, the child protection bodies of national and local levels are involved in the implementation of the Coordination Mechanism. The concluded agreement is in implementation of art. 6a of the Child Protection Act.Bibliography