The right information
The child needs the help of a parent or trusted adult to learn the correct information.
Children receive information from all over the world - family, friends, teachers and the media. They begin to search and find very quickly the information they need. As adults, our role is to correct the misinformation they receive ‚outside home‘.
It is important to encourage conversation about sexual health - gender identity, sexual maturation, emotional relationships that accompany them. This will make us a reliable and important source of information on this topic for our children. If sexuality is something the family does not talk about, the child is more likely to believe stories they hear from others and to build erroneous or distorted beliefs about sexual relationships between people.
This is also the most direct way for our child to become an object of abuse and get into risky situations.
Some children at this age (mostly girls) begin to notice the beginnings of puberty in their body. That is why it is important to talk and prepare them for these physical changes. This will help them understand that these changes are normal and healthy. It‘s good to try to explain things in a way that they can understand.
Here are two examples:
Menstruation - sometime during puberty, a woman‘s body begins to release one egg from her ovaries each month. If this egg is fertilized by male sperm, it grows into a baby. To prepare for the fertilized egg, the uterus builds a thick lining of blood and tissue. This lining is where the fertilized egg would grow into a baby. If the egg is not fertilized by a sperm, the egg and the lining of the uterus leave the body through the vagina (menstruation) and the cycle begins again.
Nocturnal pollution (wet dreams) - they begin when the testicles begin to produce sperm. Sometimes at night, when a man sleeps, extra semen comes out of the penis. The small amount of semen that comes out leaves a wet stain on the pajamas or sheets. Some people have wet dreams and others do not. Wet dreams usually end late puberty.